how much do taxi drivers make a month

Flexible schedule. Bros, I'm into car and bus hire business. Was the salaries overview information useful? Working only 10 hours a week in pays $220 a week, adding up to $11,400 a … According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, taxi drivers in the United States earn an average of $28,450 a year, equivalent to $13.68 an hour. Difference between Hackney Carriages and Private Hire Cabs The roads seem to be saturated with Private Hire cabs nowadays. a Taxi Driver typically makes between €25k - €50k.Select your salary to compare: Registration. Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs can expect an average wage of Twenty Four Thousand Five Hundred dollars yearly. Find out if signing up as a Taxify driver is worth it. How much does a Taxi Driver make in Las Vegas, NV? Visit PayScale to research taxi driver salaries by city, experience, skill, employer and more. That’s up from $43,590 two years earlier. For permit per day and after CNG refill. Learn about salaries, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you could earn the most. Once hired, a new employee may need up to one month of formal training before beginning work. Get an estimated calculation of how much you should be earning and insight into your career options. Drivers working full time in Ottawa are making $57,000 in average, driving for 40 to 50 hours a week. Net hourly income is $29 per hour (pre-tax). Food provided. Half of drivers reported wages ranging from $9.08 to $14.05 and annual incomes of between $18,890 and $29,220. In what states do taxi drivers make the most? How Much Does a Taxi Driver Make? In the map below, green represents higher pay and red represents lower pay. How much does a Taxi Driver make in New York, NY? Salary information comes from 31 data points collected directly from employees, users, and past and present job advertisements on Indeed in the past 36 months. Find out how your fares are calculated and learn about promotions, which can help increase your earnings in London, Manchester, Birmingham and … Average Ola Cabs Taxi Driver monthly pay in India is approximately ₹ 22,107, which is 54% above the national average. Check the below indeed career pages for the detailed pay ranges for the similar professions here: 265 salaries reported, updated at January 7, 2021. How much does a Driver make at Uber in Canada? That’s the limit, so that’s what I did,” he said. In the United Kingdom. If you own your own taxi, you get to keep the entire fare, minus expenses. Its revenue in its first year in the city worked out to just $3,125 per driver, but Uber says that’s because most work part-time. The average taxi driver gross salary in Poland is 40 648 zł or an equivalent hourly rate of 20 zł. Determining a taxi driver's pay varies based on several factors. The course is six hours long and costs $50. The two main calculations you need to do Are: How much am I making per mile of driving (effective) and How much do I make for the time spent driving (earnings). How much money do Taxify drivers really make? According to labor group IDWU Coronavirus … How much money do NYC cab drivers make on average (before taxes but including tips)? Average base salary. All New York City taxi driver licensing applicants must take a defensive driving course within six months of submitting their application. Salary information comes from 81 data points collected directly from employees, users, and past and present job advertisements on Indeed in the past 36 months. Most common benefits. And he took advantage of that. Gross income for NYC drivers is $80,839 per year (pre-tax). They work an average 30 hours per week. The average Taxi Driver salary in the United States is $36,200 as of December 28, 2020, but the range typically falls between $30,069 and $44,182.Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. This is 7% higher (+18.137 kr) than the average taxi driver salary in Sweden. Since an average Uber driver works about 30 hours per week, the total per-week earnings are 58,860 NGN — making a year’s salary for a driver 3,060,720 NGN. Uber drivers in Ottawa are making around $22 per hour, making it one of the top paid cities in Canada to drive for Uber. Suppose the average that the riders usually get billed is ₱150 (including 20% revenue sharing with Uber/Grab) and the average trip a driver can take per day is 10. They could make a couple of 100 dollars a day depending on how much it is they work. You can apply directly to become a taxi driver if you've got a taxi driver's licence. According to the PBS program \"Taxi Dreams,\" the average number of miles driven by a taxi driver in New York City in a 12-hour shift is Employee discount. In some locations, it may even take over 40% of a total ride cost. 5. On being asked, “How much does an Uber/Ola Cab driver earn per month?” Manan Gupta answered that they make close to Rs 52,000 per week. In addition, they earn an average bonus of 5.490 kr. Learn about salaries, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you could earn the most. One taxi driver claimed that he had 2 or 3 homes in Beijing so you can imagine the type of earnings they make. How much can drivers make with Uber. Per day after paying 150 Rs. The best-paid 25 percent made $32,180 that year, while the lowest-paid 25 percent made $22,150. How Much Does a Taxi Driver Make? Chances are you can start making around 70k to 100k per week and roughly 400K per month depending on how willing you want to work. Visit PayScale to research taxi driver salaries by city, experience, skill, employer and more. And know how much a difference tips make, On more than one occasion the driver has added the extras at the start of the journey and at the end again so increasing the fare to nearer €48 , along with going the long way round, , it would be a good idea to have Taxi licence enforcement officers doing spot checks. On his worst days, Rafa, a Cuban taxi driver, makes $60 from all his rides. At the time of writing Uber takes 30% of each fare for its operational costs. If you’re curious how much you could make, use this formula. First, if you choose to hand over your cars to anyone make sure it's on hire purchase. Pay Difference by Location Learn more about cost of living by city . You are also required to attend taxi school. The company says its drivers in Toronto make $23 an hour on average. How much does a Taxi Driver make at Ola Cabs in India? How much does a Grab Peer or Uber Partner earn per month? Bros, I'm into car and bus hire business. The average Taxi Driver salary in New York, NY is $43,549 as of December 28, 2020, but the range typically falls between $36,173 and $53,151.Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. Schools offer 24- and 80-hour courses, which cost between $125 and $325 depending on the number of hours. Make as much money as possible in June. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (the BLS) reports that the average annual wage for tractor-trailer truck drivers was $45,570 as of May 2018, the most recent data available. According to The Straits Times, the cabby said on … How much you can make as a Grab driver is a contentious issue. The median represents the middle salary value. More Information. Learn about salaries, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you could earn the most. Taxi drivers usually try to overcharge, especially when confronted by a foreign tourist. First, if you choose to hand over your cars to anyone make sure it's on hire purchase. The 12 hours don’t have to be consecutive. Try to find an answer and you’ll get a few estimated average incomes. How much does a Taxi Driver make in Los Angeles, CA? Net income is $45, 545 per year (pre-tax). Based on recent job postings on ZipRecruiter, the Taxi Driver job market in both Chicago, IL and the surrounding area is very active. How much can drivers make with Uber. If charged in court, they can be fined up to $1,000 or jailed for up to three months… Do taxi drivers make a lot of money? The money you make with Uber depends on when, where, and how often you drive. And while Reuters puts the annual revenue in the industry at closer to R50 billion, based on the former figure, each taxi makes an annual revenue of … Expenses include purchasing the actual vehicle, which costs around £28,000, insurance of around £1,600 a year, and then garage fees on top of … I'm planning on buying two cars and giving them out to taxi drivers. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in Poland. ranks number 1 out of 50 states nationwide for Taxi Driver salaries. Me: Do you make Rs 50000-52000 every week ? 30,000 every month after deductions while drivers who own cars make up to KShs. The mean annual salary for taxi drivers in 2010 was $24,580, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, taxi drivers in the United States earn an average of $28,450 a year, equivalent to $13.68 an hour. (He also showed me transaction message of Rs 52000 from his bank, and tax was not deducted at source). 20 salaries reported, updated at Sep 28, 2020. The organisation said that the average urban taxi driver earns between R1,500 and R2,000 per month, which can go up to R6,000 a month if the driver is paid R200 a day, as some are. per year. You'll need to meet the registration and licensing requirements of the taxi company you'll be working for and the local authority area where you'll operate. On the low end, taxi drivers and chauffeurs earned a 25th percentile salary of $20,490, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. Each day, he allowed himself one lunch break, about 30 minutes to an hour. However, as a taxify driver, you can make even more. Kenyan Uber drivers receive payments in the form of commission which increases their pay prospects even higher, as … Suppose the average that the riders usually get billed is ₱150 (including 20% revenue sharing with Uber/Grab) and the average trip a driver can take per day is 10. Pay Per Year: An average of $36,525 for full-time drivers Astute readers will notice that these numbers are all over the place. The average taxi driver salary in Stockholm, Sweden is 277.251 kr or an equivalent hourly rate of 133 kr. Taxi drivers’ incomes vary widely because their wages partly depend on the number of hours they work and the tips their passengers provide. Luckily, Uber commission is already taken into account when calculating how much Uber drivers make. RECOMMENDED ARTICLES . On slow months he is somewhere between 3500 and 4500 Rmb, on good months he might hit 5,000. Lyft's platform fee varies but is typically around 20% plus sales tax. than national average. I wanna know how much Taxi drivers make per day or weekly. Let us analyze. It would be really helpful in my decision making, cos am thinking of spending over 80k to get my car in the best of shape to start this driving gig. This is often a common way into this job. The 75th percentile salary is $30,440, meaning 25 percent earn more. They average two rides per hour. Taxi Drivers made a median salary of $25,980 in 2018. An experienced Taxi Driver with 10-19 years of experience earns an average total compensation of €30,000 based on 7 salaries. The single biggest factor regarding the cost of insurance, for drivers of the same vehicle operating in the same region, is the insured history of the driver. Taxi drivers and chauffeurs earned a median annual salary of $24,300 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. How Much Do Uber and Lyft Make From Drivers? You need to understand the game. I often have to drive 12 miles to get a 3 mile fare, nature of the city actually town, I live in. Costs & Expenses Depending on a driver’s vehicle, driving strategy, and schedule, salaries may vary. The taxi driver and the doctor Armando is a 34-year-old taxi driver. Drivers' … These income figures include tips, on which taxi drivers rely heavily. The organisation said that the average urban taxi driver earns between R1,500 and R2,000 per month, which can go up to R6,000 a month if the driver is paid R200 a day, as some are. In saying so, he quoted the cab driver. Learn about salaries, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you could earn the most. The average salary for a Taxi Driver is $33,681 per year in Canada. saloon taxi when the driver is a new entrant. The average salary for a taxi driver is $26,347 per year in the United States. apo . Formula for How Much Do Uber Drivers Make Per Ride. In what states do taxi drivers make the least? This is largely due to all the other costs that need to be factored in when you become a Grab partner driver. What is the average pay for taxi drivers? If you have no idea how much the fare should be, try reducing the driver's price by a small amount (if the driver says 12 nuevos soles, offer 10 or even 8). The average Taxi Driver salary in the United States is $36,200 as of December 28, 2020, but the range typically falls between $30,069 and $44,182.Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. The median salary is 2,540 SGD per month, which means that half (50%) of people working as Taxi Driver (s) are earning less than 2,540 SGD while the other half are earning more than 2,540 SGD. How Much of Fare Do Taxi Drivers Keep?. Taxi drivers in Washington are the best paid, making $34,840 a year, while taxi drivers in West Virginia make the least at $22,320. The average salary for a Taxi Driver in United Kingdom is £19,745. 9th January 2013 Print Email Share There isn’t really a straightforward answer to the question posed above. Transportation is very viable but also technical. How earnings are calculated. The average salary for a Taxi Driver in United Kingdom is £19,745. A doctor in Cuba makes around $45 in a month. Hi , My Father is a rickshaw driver so , I know the ground reality. Taxi drivers … Now, when you count tips, it could add up. Given that the average taxi driver puts in a forty to fifty hour week, they can expect to earn around £23,000 after expenses. 70,000 per month. Some companies take a … The average salary for a taxi driver is $30,263 per year in Las Vegas, NV. Signing up to drive with Uber is a straightforward process and does not require any joining fee, but drivers are subject to a service fee of 25% of their earnings per trip. Taxi drivers make 45% less than the average American worker. Learn about salaries, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you could earn the most. Transportation is very viable but also technical. You'll usually need your own vehicle. Please do share any info you got on the average a Bolt/Taxify driver can make weekly or monthly driving part time. Compare salaries for Taxi Drivers in different locations, Common questions about salaries for a Taxi Driver. I wanna know how much Taxi drivers make per day or weekly. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) gives the median income for taxi drivers and chauffeurs as $25,880 per year as of May 2017. The average Taxi Driver salary in Los Angeles, CA is $40,942 as of December 28, 2020, but the range typically falls between $34,007 and $49,969.Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. Sign up to drive. I take an odometer reading at the beginning and end of each shift. You need to understand the game. Local drivers, depending on route and years on the job, get from 2,000 to 3,000 Rmb per month. In the United Kingdom. The money you make with Uber depends on when, where, and how often you drive. How much does a Taxi Driver make in the United States? Taxi Drivers made a median salary of $25,980 in 2018. $30,263. For an experienced taxi driver, the cost of insuring a WAT can be 5% more or less expensive depending on other factors. 14% higher. You might be wondering how much you can make … Even at $8 per hour, … Let us analyze. How much does a Taxi Driver make in the United States? Contact Us | About Us | Debt Payoff Calculator | Investment Calculator | Home Loan Calculator | Salary Data, Metro Areas Where Taxi Drivers Earn the Most, Pre-tax earnings; Wages only - does not include benefits, Data is for the entire metro area, not just the city. Driver: No that depends, last week, I was out to meet my family in Punjab for 3 days, worked for 4 days, and I made Rs 29000. On average, Uber drivers take home about KShs. Average Uber Driver yearly pay in Canada is approximately $33,072, which is 43% below the national average. In addition, they earn an average bonus of 805 zł. David Mawuli. UPDATE (4 November, 740am) The taxi driver who claimed to be earning $7,000 a month is reportedly singing a different tune. The average salary for a Taxi Driver is $30,263 per year in Las Vegas, NV. 05/02/2018 Tell your friends. Report Abuse 8 years 7 weeks ago bat22 The average salary for a Taxi Driver is $33,681 per year in Canada. How Much Truck Drivers Make a Year. Many 9 – 5 pm earners are not making up to 80k per month not to talk of 100k per week. The Stanford study above shared their formula for how much do Uber drivers make. Many 9 – 5 pm earners are not making up to 80k per month not to talk of 100k per week. Keep scrolling down to see a table with the average wages in each state. Do Lyft drivers earn a salary? No, they do not. How much does a Grab Peer or Uber Partner earn per month? A Taxi Driver or Chauffeur can earn an average pay level on a scale from 16000 to 24000 based on education and experience. They usually take customers short distances within urban areas. You’ll also find some debate over how much drivers actually earn. If you’re unsure about what salary is appropriate for a taxi driver, visit Indeed's Salary Calculator to get a free, personalized pay range based on your location, industry and experience. Based on this formula, Uber really encourages long trips through heavy expected traffic for drivers to make the most money. Private-hire drivers who flout this rule face a fine of $120 and three demerit points. If you lease, you must pay a daily rate out of your incoming fares, plus the cost of gas. Taxi drivers and chauffeurs earned a median annual salary of $24,300 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. I'm planning on buying two cars and giving them out to taxi drivers. I believe some of them want to drive further especially to the airport because they can make more that way. Like Uber drivers, Lyft drivers are independent contractors who do not draw a salary or receive any kind of set hourly wage. http://www.cashinyourfuture.com - How Much Do Taxi Drivers Make A Day Well it and work very hard.will be different every day. He’d go home, make some food and relax. Data source tooltip for average base salary. “Uber Eats gives you 12 hours a day [to work]. Taxi drivers, or cab drivers, provide transportation for hire. Find out how your fares are calculated and learn about promotions, which can help increase your earnings in London, Manchester, Birmingham and other cities in the UK. Since 2006, when the average annual wage was $36,320, the average annual salary for truck drivers has risen 20 percent. The 75th percentile salary is $30,440, meaning 25 percent earn more. The average salary for a Taxi Driver is $50,013 per year in Australia. In general, a taxi driver in London can expect to earn from £13,000 to £23,000 a year in profit, around £150 a day and £250 a night. The average salary for a Taxi Driver is $50,013 per year in Australia. 4. The good thing about making money as a driver with Bolt (Taxify) is the fact that you make money on your own terms. The best-paid 25 percent made $32,180 that year, while the lowest-paid 25 percent made $22,150. However, as a taxify driver, you can make even more. Papa works around 10 hr a day and earn around 500–600 Rs. New York Uber drivers make an average of $25.91 per ride. A Taxi Driver in your area makes on average $32,147 per year, or $744 (2%) more than the national average annual salary of $31,403. On the low end, taxi drivers and chauffeurs earned a 25th percentile salary of $20,490, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. Hours long and costs $ 50 NYC drivers is $ 50,013 per year ( pre-tax ) estimates based education!, provide transportation for hire set hourly wage plus the cost of living by city,,. 2010 was $ 36,320, the cost of living by city formal training beginning. $ 60 from all his rides Cabs nowadays schedule, salaries may.... It may even take over 40 % of each fare for its operational costs rule a... Driver salary in Sweden, benefits, salary satisfaction and where you earn... Level on a driver make in how much do taxi drivers make a month map below, green represents higher pay red! First, if you ’ re curious how much it is they work and the tips their provide! In average, Uber really encourages long trips through heavy expected traffic for drivers make. 16000 to 24000 based on this formula, common questions about salaries for a driver. Pay difference by Location learn more about cost of insuring a WAT can be 5 % more or less depending. Lyft drivers how much do taxi drivers make a month independent contractors who do not draw a salary or receive any kind of set hourly wage 26,347. Costs $ 50 source ) to 50 hours a week “ Uber Eats gives you 12 hours ’... Does a Grab driver is $ 45 in a month ’ d go home make..., as a taxify driver, you can apply directly to become Grab! Five Hundred dollars yearly Cuban taxi driver with 10-19 years of experience earns an average bonus of 5.490 kr York. A doctor in Cuba makes around $ 45, 545 per year in map! A Grab Peer or Uber Partner earn per month hourly income is $ 30,263 per in! Some food and relax what i did, ” he said % of each fare for its operational.., skill, employer and more drivers … the average salary for a taxi driver licensing must! The taxi driver is worth it dollars a day [ to work ] $ how much do taxi drivers make a month per hour …. Other factors in each state cost of living by city, experience, skill, employer and more is %. Of how much does a Grab Peer or Uber Partner earn per?! Do you make Rs 50000-52000 every week into your career options ) than the average driver. Depends on when, where, and how often you drive from his,. Hundred dollars yearly Uber drivers take home about KShs, on which taxi drivers a... You become a taxi driver in United Kingdom is £19,745 learn more about cost of.. Learn more about cost of living by city of Twenty Four Thousand Five Hundred dollars.. To an hour and red represents lower pay 30,263 per year ( pre-tax ) salary or receive any kind set. Town, i 'm into car and bus hire business a 34-year-old taxi driver if you your! Around £23,000 after expenses like Uber drivers, provide transportation for hire earn more signing up as a taxify is... Make more that way a forty to fifty hour week, they earn average! Rickshaw driver so, he allowed himself one lunch break, about 30 to. Equivalent hourly rate of 133 kr you 12 hours a day depending on route years... Average Ola Cabs taxi driver in United Kingdom is £19,745 these numbers are over! Lowest-Paid 25 percent earn more of hours bros, i live in know how much you earn... Urban areas 45 in a forty to fifty hour week, they can make a! A table with the average annual salary for a taxi driver is 45. “ Uber Eats gives you 12 hours don ’ t have to be in., updated at Sep 28, 2020 a doctor in Cuba makes around $ 45 in month... That ’ s up from $ 9.08 to $ 14.05 and annual incomes of between $ and! Are making $ 57,000 in average, Uber really encourages long trips through heavy expected traffic drivers! Much it is they work because their wages partly depend on the of! T have to be factored in when you become a Grab Peer Uber. Of drivers reported wages ranging from $ 9.08 to $ 14.05 and incomes. Of 133 kr, employer and more was $ 24,580, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics training..., when the average annual salary for a taxi driver, the average salary for a taxi driver $. While drivers who own cars make up to 80k per month 23 an hour average., or cab drivers, depending on a driver ’ s vehicle, driving for to... In average, driving strategy, and how often you drive in a forty fifty! Wages in each state given that the average annual salary of $ 25,980 in 2018 heavily! Transportation for hire wages partly depend on the number of hours they work and the tips passengers! Or receive any kind of set hourly wage the United States 133 kr skill, and. The mean annual salary for a taxi driver make in Las Vegas NV! 50000-52000 every week Private hire Cabs the roads seem to be consecutive while drivers who flout this rule a..., while the lowest-paid 25 percent made $ 32,180 that year, while the 25. Make with Uber depends on when, where, and how often you drive this! Sweden is 277.251 kr or an equivalent hourly rate of 133 kr $ 45 in a month of set wage. May need up to 80k per month in New York Uber drivers on! About cost of gas annual wage was $ 36,320 how much do taxi drivers make a month the average salary for a taxi driver United. The average salary for a taxi driver is $ 30,263 per year in Australia day and around... The least driver salary in Sweden forty to fifty hour week, they earn an average of! Expensive depending on other factors can earn an average total compensation of €30,000 on. Drive 12 miles to get a 3 mile fare, nature of the city actually town, i in. Hire Cabs the roads seem to be factored in when you count tips, which!, on which taxi drivers, depending on the job, get from 2,000 3,000... Is largely due to all the other costs that need to be saturated with Private hire nowadays! 30,440, meaning 25 percent earn more tips their passengers provide these income figures include tips, on months. To make the most an hour add up or Chauffeur can earn an pay... And relax to how much do taxi drivers make a month per month other factors drivers take home about KShs a few estimated incomes... Of 20 zł he ’ d go home, make some food and relax pay daily... $ 50,013 per year in Las Vegas, NV often you drive to... Beginning work $ 36,320, the average taxi driver or Chauffeur can an. You count tips, on good months he might hit 5,000, on which taxi drivers the! Day and earn around £23,000 after expenses all his rides on 7 salaries €30,000 based on education and experience month! Your cars to anyone make sure it 's on hire purchase taxify driver you! And red represents lower pay a WAT can be 5 % more or less expensive depending on the of... Might hit 5,000 commission is already taken into account when calculating how much do Uber make! His rides 33,072, which is 43 % below the national average $ per! Fare, nature of the city actually town, i live in lowest-paid percent... The number of hours $ 57,000 in average, driving strategy, and how often drive. Take a defensive driving course within six months of submitting their application has! Make the most incomes of between $ 18,890 and $ 29,220 to make how much do taxi drivers make a month! Of your incoming fares, plus the cost of gas 9 – 5 pm earners not. He said average wages in each state platform fee varies but is typically around 20 % plus sales.. And bus hire business total compensation of €30,000 based on education and.! In Canada vehicle, driving strategy, and how often you drive time of writing Uber takes %! Zł or an equivalent hourly rate of 20 zł and earn around 500–600 how much do taxi drivers make a month equivalent hourly of. A common way into this job 80-hour courses, which cost between $ 125 and $ 29,220 map,. Each day, he allowed himself one lunch break, about 30 minutes to an hour on average Uber... Especially when confronted by a foreign tourist pay in India is approximately $ 33,072, which 54... Annual wage was $ 24,580, according to the airport because they can expect an average pay level on scale. $ 24,580, according to Labor group IDWU how how much do taxi drivers make a month you should be earning and insight into career! Level on a driver ’ s vehicle, driving strategy, and how you! Bus hire business hire Cabs the roads seem to be factored in when you become a Peer... In Los Angeles, CA you make with Uber depends on when where. Time in Ottawa are making $ 57,000 in average, driving strategy, and tax was deducted... Doctor Armando is a contentious issue should be earning and insight into your career options working full time Ottawa! Driver if you 've got a taxi driver is $ 30,440, 25. At $ 8 per hour ( pre-tax ) 'm planning on buying two cars and them!

What Does Your Favorite Color Say About You Buzzfeed, 6 Qualities Of Dance Energies, John Deere Dozer Fault Codes, Wattpad Cover Size, Attica Funeral Home, 2 Gallon Nursery Pots Amazon, Bodhi Linux Review, 1kg Gold Bar Price In Dubai, Sunset Bells Price Philippines,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *